Literature Review of the science used in
Memory Lane upon request
In the United States and around the world, millions of people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, as well as their caregivers, need relief from the crushing burdens of these debilitating and progressive illnesses. While intensive research is underway to reveal the underlying disease mechanisms and to identify new targets for pharmacological interventions, effective and long-lasting medications are yet to be developed.
Meanwhile, complementary, non-pharmacological therapies – which comprise a diverse range of interventions from exercise to music to cognitive-behavioral methods – can have important benefit in a total system of dementia care. The most promising among them are designed to stimulate patients’ memories and to reduce agitation.
Memory Lane is delivered via several streaming platforms Apple TV, IOS, Tablets, and soon on Roku, Amazon FireSticks.
Clinical and Business Support
Among physicians and medical researchers, there is a growing consensus that, for those with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias, a multi-sensory approach to memory stimulation produces a better result than drug-based treatments (a detailed bibliography of medical research relating to this topic is available upon request). A multi-sensory experience, involving the patient’s senses of smell, sight, hearing, touch, and taste has been shown to produce immediate positive effects on behavior, mood, alertness, sense of self, and ability to concentrate and experience quality moments. In her 2015 publication, “Assessment and Management of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia,” H.C. Kales et al. noted, “The evidence for non-pharmacologic approaches to After an exhaustive search for comparable offerings for non-clinician administered multi-sensory memory stimulation products and services in both the consumer and institutional markets, management has concluded that Memory Lane addresses a near whitespace opportunity.
At MemoryLane, we believe that people with a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease and other related dementias can continue to engage in meaningful activities and communication, especially when receiving support that is carefully tailored to their cognitive issues. Backed by current research, we have found that multisensory-stimulation environments, namely those designed to appeal in an appropriate way to all five senses, produce immediate positive effects on the behavior and mood of those with dementia. Through innovative use of digital media and this multisensory approach, the MemoryLane program enables dynamic, non-directive communication between the participant and the caregiver. Such communication raises the quality of life and creates a sense of wellbeing, allowing positive reminiscence and a satisfying expression of a sense of self.
Why Regular TV Doesn’t Work for Dementia Patients
Regular television is not designed for people with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias, and it can in fact be confusing and alienating to them. Typically, commercial television is fragmented, fast-paced, and youth-oriented, with multiple interwoven narratives and recurring characters engaged in complex exchanges. To follow most regular television shows requires a well-functioning short-term memory and knowledge of current popular culture. In these ways, they are neither appropriate nor pleasurable for dementia patients.
How Memory Lane is Different
In contrast, MemoryLane films are created to work well with dementia patients’ distinctive cognitive styles and needs. Our films use a cinematic high-definition technique, temporal references, and guided imagery to help ground viewers in the present moment, in particular, to times of the day and evening. This process is comforting and reassuring to patients, many of whom have become adrift in time due to debilitating circadian disorders.
MemoryLane is designed to provide a useful, non-pharmacologic intervention to lessen the neuropsychological symptoms of dementia, such as wandering, calling out, decreased alertness, anxiety, and agitation. MemoryLane has been shown to relieve stress levels and in so doing, help to create positive, cooperative interactions. MemoryLane addresses all the senses in its program, including a sense of time, giving our methodology its true impact and effectiveness. We designed the product to be supportive, positive, easy to implement, and convenient to integrate into daily routines. Additionally, it was developed as a palliative-care method to accompany or supplement traditional care, and can be used as one reduces antipsychotic medication usage. Our collection of films delivers a unique multi-sensory approach that can be used successfully in a wide variety of settings such as nursing care facilities, adult day programs, and homes.
Memory Lane is a multi-media, multi-sensory intervention that includes music and sound stimulation, video images, archival film footage, interactive photography, and simulated aromas that can be delivered in multiple formats. Key elements of the system include Guided Imagery, integrating multiple stimuli to evoke reminiscence and induce a relaxation response; Caregiver Protocols, providing templates for patient-caregiver interactions and activities; and Viewing Session Guide, suggesting sequences for daily and weekly delivery of content to help restore viewers’ circadian rhythm, sense of time, and some greater awareness of self.
The Memory Lane program format and support materials offer key advantages to both patients and caregivers:
• Memory Lane complements standard pharmacological therapies in institutional settings or family care settings.
• Memory Lane can be customized to the specific circumstance of individual patients or patient groups.
• Memory Lane lessens the workload of nursing home personnel and family caregivers.
• Memory Lane is a unique non-pharmaceutical and integrative approach to dementia offering customized entertainment for people living with dementia.
While there are more potential options for related services in the institutional context, there is considerable need among those receiving Alzheimer’s and/or Dementia care at home for solutions that help sufferers and their caregivers to (a) reduce stress and anxiety, and by extension, (b) help to improve interactions between the two, and (c) stimulate memory function for as long as possible for those afflicted with such disorders, generally enabling a better quality of life for an extended period of time compared to next best alternatives.
The program concept and methodology were initially developed by noted French documentary filmmaker, Alban Maino as he sought ways to help a loved one struggling with dementia. Those initial materials, as they were provided to others caring for patients and relatives, received highly favorable reviews from geriatric physicians, families, and administrators of residential treatment facilities . Patient and professional care provider feedback obtained during development of the Memory Lane prototype confirmed that the Memory Lane offering directly address some of these needs outlined above for both sufferers and caregivers alike. The Memory Lane catalog of programs was developed and completed in partnership with several medical and therapeutic care organizations, residential care facilities in Europe and the USA, in collaboration with the Maine Society on Aging, and independent residential care facilities in France. More than 1,000 patients were involved in the designing, development, and testing of the Memory Lane behavioral digital intervention.